Few people understand the impact a credit score can have in an individual’s life. A high score can mean a lower rate for a bank loan while a low credit score can result in more expensive insurance premiums. Not only is it important to understand your credit score, but it is also important to understand how to improve your credit score and reap the advantages of good credit. First, the basics. Creditors have been using credit scoring systems to determine if people are a good credit risk for some time. Today, many businesses, including insurance companies, phone companies and employers use a person’s credit score to determine if a product, service or employment offer should be provided. Credit scoring systems are complex and vary among creditors and businesses. Essentially, information collected from an individual’s credit report is put through a statistical program that compares that specific information against consumers with similar profiles. The program identifies all characteristics that relate to risk and generates a number which represents a credit score. The higher your credit score, the less of a risk you are considered to be. So, the higher the score, the better. The scores generally range from 300 to 850. A score of 620 or higher should mean that you are eligible for very good rates. You can obtain your credit score from any one of the three national consumer reporting companies. They are allowed to charge a reasonable fee, typically around $8, for the score. Since your score is comprised of information from your credit report, you need to ensure that your credit report is accurate.
Maximize your credit score by following these tips:
- Pay bills on time
- Stay current on payments
- Keep balances low
- Pay off collection accounts
- Pay off debt rather than move it
- Do not close unused accounts
- Do not open accounts to increase credit limit
- Re-establish credit history if you have had problems in the past
- Check your credit routinely
- Manage credit cards responsibly
If you find inaccuracies on your credit report you should:
- Dispute the inaccurate information directly with the consumer reporting agency and maybe even with the provider of the information.
- Tell them in writing what you believe is inaccurate and provide as much proof, including copies of documents, as you can to support your position.
The agency generally has 30 days to investigate your complaint. For more information about your credit score and credit report:
Want to check your credit? Visit these Credit Bureau websites:
Check your credit FREE once a year at Annual Credit Report.